Originally developed for Alcoholics Anonymous, 12 Step are the set of guidelines that have set the precedent for drug recovery and rehabilitation, behavior and compulsive patterns. It was to help recovering alcoholics get back on the path of recovery and was compiled in 1930s. But over the years, numerous adaptations have been added to the original guidelines and 12-Step Addiction Treatment is not limited to alcoholics anymore. It is now been adapted into therapy for drug and other addictions such as Cocaine Anonymous, Debtors Anonymous, Narcotics Anonymous and Overeaters Anonymous among others.
As per the APA (American Psychological Association), the underlining recovery guidelines based on the basic aim of:
- Amending the mistakes committed in the past and learning new skills for living a better and healthier life.
- Recognizing the higher power can give you the strength to heal
- Admission of the addiction and compulsions
Being a general code of recovery and rehabilitation, the 12-Step Addiction Treatment programs have been adapted into a host of substance abuse and behavioral issues and in recent years over 200 self help organizations have incorporated these principles.
However, one of the most significant features of the 12-Step program is the factor of anonymity. As other addicted individuals discuss aspects of their live and addiction, everything discussed in a group session or meeting is meant to be kept private. Usually there are open meetings and closed meetings. The open meetings are those wherein family members and friends can come while the closed meetings are only for those recovering from the addictions. These also serve as support groups and after care groups.
Processes within 12-Step Programs
The main consideration that differentiates the other drug and alcohol recovery programs from 12-Step includes addressing the human personality. Considering the mental, spiritual and physical aspects of the human being, the addiction is not just a symptomatic illness but affects a part of the physical being. Understanding the elements of each of these aspects of the individual are:
Physical: The physical aspect of the addiction is treated as an allergic reaction which leads to compulsive substance abuse.
Mental: The repetitive compulsive and addictive pattern of behavior is a cognitive process that leads to uncontrollable cravings for the chemical or substance after short periods of abstinence.
Spiritual: Self centeredness is considered to be a malady as the person ignores everyone in pursuit of his or her own addiction. It is also considered to be the ‘spiritual malady’. As an individual works through the 12-Step program, they are able to grow more concerned and replace this negative aspect.
With numerous 12-Step addiction treatment and recovery facilities to select from, it maybe extremely challenging if you are looking for help. At Rehab Advisor, as one of the leading alcohol and drug rehabilitation referral service, we will be able to assist you by referring to the facility that can best service you.